The Divine Posture of Goddess Saraswati

The posture in which Maa Saraswati sits has a lot of hidden meaning in it.

Why is Maa Saraswati always depicted in white saari? What do the Veena and peacock represent?

Let’s reflect on it.

Goddess Saraswati is always shown wearing a White Saari. This symbolizes purity and peace.

Her face is always gleaming with motherly love. She is never shown to be angry or agitated and she handles no weapon. This is to symbolize that Knowledge is all powerful and if one has the required knowledge, then he is always at peace.


She is never shown giving Ashirvaad. It reaffirms: ”Just do your karma, don’t expect a result”

She has a Japa Mala in one of her hands. The Mala is for Practice and meditation.

She is not shown loaded with jewels and ornaments. This signifies ‘Simplicity’ as her Abode.

A River in the background confirms her association with an ancient River (River Saraswati).

Lotus is the symbol of spirituality and Maa Saraswati being seated on a lotus assures that she is the possessor of all spiritual knowledge.

Saraswati is never shown standing. She is always seated comfortably. This signifies Stability.

Her Mount is a Swan. The swan is renowned for its unique ability to separate water from a mixture of water and milk. This indicates the power of discrimination of Good and Bad.

A Peacock is always shown beside her but it is not her mount. This implies the choice of truth (Swan) over false appearance and worldly delights (peacock).

She plays a Veena. Many meanings can be brought forth by associating Maa Saraswati to the veena.

  • Veena signifies the artistic world.
  • Right String needs to be plucked for the desired music. Likewise, Right effort needs to be put in order to get the desired result.
  • Veena needs both hands to be played upon and so is the relation of karma with the heart and the mind.

Her four arms denote four sides. Saraswati is everywhere. They represent the four elements of the inner personality,

  • The Mind (Manas) – she holds the Jap Mala with this hand.
  • The Intellect (Buddhi) – The Vedas are in this hand.
  • The Consciousness (Chitta) – the second resonator of the Veena
  • The Ego (Ahankara) – the hand that plays the Veena.

If Veena is to be taken in a spiritual sense, then the heavier side (the second resonator) is the divine Bramha and the lighter side (the main resonator) is creation. She (knowledge) is the balance between the heavier side and the lighter side.


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